Archive for the ‘Safety’ Category

Combustible Dust… OHSA Likely to Study Cost of Compliance

August 6, 2013

For almost two years now we have been tracking the Chemical Safety Hazard Investigation Board’s study of combustible dust. The CSB is an independent federal safety board. It cannot draft regulations, levy fines or otherwise formally rebuke companies for safety hazards. Since 2009 this agency has sought to develop some guidelines for the control of suspended particles which could include sheet feeders and corrugated box plants. We have suggested that you begin your own investigation for your own unique manufacturing operation as this may likely have an impact on your operation. Now it appears that this November OSHA will begin to move toward the next step, seeking input from small businesses. It is in this step that OSHA will study the cost of compliance and collect comments from industry.

While the largest accidents and threats still remain with the flour, coal, plastic, pharmaceutics, metals, and wood processing industries there can be a spillover effect to paper processing. The worst U.S. incident occurred here in Georgia in 2008 at the Port Wentworth Imperial Sugar Plant where 14 died and dozens were injured.

Your Association attended one of the early stakeholders meetings along with other industry, labor, insurance, and trade groups to offer input. We will continue to monitor the situation. Lewellyn Technologies is offering three seminars on this subject and AICC members are being offered a $100.00 discount. Contact them or us for more information.

Chicago, IL • August 28, 2013
Atlanta, GA • September 10, 2013
Indianapolis, IN • October 8, 2013

HazMat… It’s Your responsibility To Stay Up-To-Date

July 23, 2013

According to the United States Department of Transportation over four-billion tons of hazardous materials are shipped in the US each year. While much of this is bulk shipment via truck or rail containers, at some point a significant percentage of this massive number is converted into individual shipments for delivery to the point of use. Whether it’s household or industrial cleaning materials, insect spray, paint or any of a variety of other materials deemed hazardous, many find their way into a paperboard package of some sort.

The rules and regulations governing the packaging and shipment of HazMat materials change often. Keeping up to date on the latest issue are important to you and your customers. Noncompliance in HazMat packaging can result in reduced safety, costly fines and legal fees, lost sales and, in severe cases, even criminal charges.

Did you know that there is a new CC-ORM-D label and while you can use the new diamond label now, its mandatory usage has been pushed back until 2020?

The marking of HazMat material containers is as important as the specifications of the materials use to produce container. Improperly marked container, even if it’s accidental, can result in hefty fines that may levied against you, your customer and potentially anyone associated with the production, packaging or shipment of the goods. This is just one of the reasons it’s important to us, as packaging providers, to stay up to date with the changes in the rules and regulations. You never want a USDOT official to explain that’s it your responsibility to stay on top of changes and not theirs to inform you. If it gets to that point it’s too late and whether it’s fines, re-running orders, or customer confidence… It’s going to cost you.

Perhaps the most important aspect of the HazMat container is structural integrity. It’s ability to “contain” its contents throughout its shipping, storage and end use life cycle.

Two significant paper properties for UN HazMat corrugated are a very narrow variation range in basis weights, and a maximum Cobb absorption weight gain? Both of these characteristics can be difficult to control.
For compliance, strong, solid or double-faced corrugated fiberboard must be used, appropriate to the capacity and intended use of the box. The water resistance of the outer surface must be such that the increase in mass, as determined in a test carried out over a period of 30 minutes by the Cobb method of determining water absorption, is not greater than 155 grams per square meter (0.0316 pounds per square foot) – see ISO 535. Most of the design requirements for fiberboard boxes can be found in 49CFR, Part 178.

AICC is offering two valuable products to help you learn more about HazMat training, design, labeling, storage and shipping, UN Certification Testing, and more. A webinar Hazardous Materials, What the Boxmaker Needs to Know, and our new publication AICC Hazmat Guide for Corrugated Packaging Manufacturers (second edition).

Presented by Maryann Jashinske, President of Package Engineering Solutions, LLC – Hazardous Materials, What the Boxmaker Needs to Know takes place September 12, 2013 – 11:30 am (E). This hour-long webinar provides and overview the latest rules, regulations and specifications governing the packaging and transportation of hazardous materials. Webinar registration is $250.00USD and includes a copy of the AICC Hazmat Guide for Corrugated Packaging Manufacturers (second edition). Individual copies may be ordered through the AICC Store for $125.00/copy.

This valuable publication from AICC offers a realm of information covering Hazardous Materials packaging including detailed explanations of testing protocols, updated examples of approval letters, and a more logical, user friendly flow of information.

Combustibility of corrugated paper dust

April 24, 2013

Mike asks:

Can you tell me if there is an industry standard on “combustibility of paper dust for corrugated” and if so what that standard might be.

We have been hearing a lot about people needing combustion proof vacuum cleaners to clean out electrical cabinets and so on up and down the corrugator. The question came up as too exactly how combustible corrugated paper dust is.

The simple answer is that it is combustible enough that you should use precautions to protect against spark or open flames when high concentrations of paper dust are in the air or in a confined space, such as a vacuum cleaner canister.

Over the last several years there have been public meetings with OSHA and the National Fibre Prevention Association about this subject. There is information about this in NAPA 68 and the Federal Register under 29 CFR Part 1910. While it came to light because of explosions in sugar refineries, metal processing plants, food processing operations and coal fired power plants it has spilled over into cellulose dust. NAPA writes the requirements and OSHA enforces the standard. It is still evolving, and OSHA may enforce the standard unequally.

As far as I know it is still under a National Emphasis Program. This may be mandated by your insurance agency, and NAPA is to be treated as a legal code.

I would start to move in this direction, as it is just a matter of time before enforcement intensifies even with sequestration. Let me hear back from you if you need some additional documentation. You can also talk with the folks at Ohio Blow Pipe.


UN HazMat Packaging Specifications

March 7, 2013

Steve asks:

We have a customer who has been manufacturing and shipping denatured alcohol in liter plastic bottles-both 6 and 12 bottles to a carton and is moving his operation to this area. The current container is marked ORM-D.
Please advise what I need to do or find out in order to satisfy his needs.

I believe you can find the information you need in the AICC publication ‘Understanding Hazardous Materials Requirements for Box Plants’? If you don’t already have this publication you can purchase one from the AICC On-Line Store (click here) or by calling 1-877-836-2422.

You may also click here to check out a previous Ask Ralph post on this topic that offers additional information.